Natural Gas

Throughout our history, Santos has invested to help Australia become a leading producer of natural gas, creating thousands of local jobs in the process. From heating your home to firing your barbecue, to fueling your bus, Santos has been helping to power our country for over 50 years.

The natural gas Santos produces is reliable and cost-effective. Natural gas has been extracted from coal seams for more than 100 years and Santos continues to ensure the highest of environmental standards across all our operations. We made our significant discovery of natural gas in the Cooper Basin in South Australia with the Gidgealpa-2 well in 1963.

Today, Santos exports natural gas to Asia via its LNG facilities in Queensland and the Northern Territory.

Santos also has interests in natural gas export from Papua New Guinea. Santos is one of Australia’s largest natural gas developers and is proudly Australian owned.

Click here to view a factsheet on natural gas, which was developed for community and industry engagement in the Northern Territory in July 2017.

Where is natural gas found?

Australia has 17 significant production locations for natural gas and oil, and enough natural gas reserves to power our nation for hundreds of years.

Australian natural gas reserves


Methane is the main ingredient of natural gas and can be found both in coal seams between 400 and 1,000 metres below the surface, and in sandstone and shale layers that lie up to four kilometres underground. It’s a naturally occurring and abundant resource formed over millions of years through the decomposition and compression of prehistoric animal and plant matter.

Methane is extracted by securely drilling into seams of coal, sandstone or shale.

Different techniques can be used – including horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracture stimulation – or ‘fracking’ – to ensure that the natural gas flows freely and can be obtained efficiently.


Geology of natural gas