At the end of 2012, Santos’ total proved and probable (2P) hydrocarbon reserves were 1,406 million barrels of oil equivalent (mmboe).
This represents a 2P reserves replacement ratio of 180% and provides a reserves life of 27 years based on 2012 production of 52.1 mmboe.
2012 continued Santos’ consistent track record of reserves growth – the company has increased reserves in eight of the past nine years whilst producing over 480 mmboe in the same period.
Reserve additions in 2012 were driven by strong growth in Cooper Basin gas reserves and include Australia’s first shale gas reserves booking from the successful Moomba-191 well. Reserves growth was also recorded in Cooper Basin oil, Queensland CSG, the Carnarvon Basin and Vietnam.
Reserves - Santos Share (million boe)
|Reserves Category||Year End 2011||Production||Additions||Acq/Div||Year End 2012|
|2C contingent resources
Santos has in place an evaluation and reporting process that is in line with international industry practice and conforms with the 2007 Petroleum Resource Management System (PRMS) published by the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), World Petroleum Council (WPC), the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) and the Society of Petroleum Evaluation Engineers (SPEE). Reserves are defined as those quantities of petroleum which are anticipated to be commercially recovered from known accumulations from a given date forward.
Santos reports reserves net of the petroleum required for processing and transportation to the customer. Reserves reported are based on, and accurately reflect, information compiled by full-time employees of the Company who have the requisite qualifications and experience prescribed by the ASX Listing Rules.
Externally audited booking process
Santos engages independent experts Gaffney, Cline & Associates, Netherland, Sewell & Associates, Inc. and DeGolyer and MacNaughton to audit and/or evaluate reserves and contingent resources. Each auditor found, based on the outcomes its respective audit and evaluation, and itsunderstanding of the estimation processes employed by Santos, that Santos’ 31 December 2012 reserves and contingent resources quantities in aggregate compare reasonably to those estimates prepared by each auditor. Thus, in the aggregate, the total volumes summarised in the Santos summary table represent a reasonable estimate of Santos’ Reserves and Contingent Resources Position as at 31 December 2012.
Reserves are defined by Santos on the following basis:
Proven (1P) reserves are those reserves that, to a high degree of certainty (90% confidence), are recoverable. There is relatively little risk associated with these reserves. Proven developed reserves are reserves that can be recovered from existing wells with existing infrastructure and operating methods. Proven undeveloped reserves require development.
Proven plus Probable (2P) reserves are those reserves that analysis of geological and engineering data suggests are more likely than not to be recoverable. There is at least a 50% probability that reserves recovered will exceed Proven plus Probable reserves.
Proven, Probable plus Possible (3P) reserves are those reserves that, to a low degree of certainty (10% confidence), are recoverable. There is relatively high risk associated with these reserves.
Contingent Resources are those quantities of hydrocarbons which are estimated, on a given date, to be potentially recoverable from known accumulations, but which are not currently considered to be commercially recoverable. Contingent Resources may be of a significant size, but still have constraints to development. These constraints, preventing the booking of reserves, may relate to lack of gas marketing arrangements or to technical, environmental or political barriers.